The American Monument

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Reference WMO242816

Address:

Mull of Oa

Isle of Islay

PA42 7AU

Scotland

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Status: On original site
Type: Freestanding
Location: External
Setting: Within a garden/park/churchyard/enclosure/Marketplace
Description: Lighthouse
Materials:
  • Stone Stone (any)
Conflicts:
  • First World War (1914-1918)
About the memorial: The monument is over 20m tall. It is visible on the headland of the Mull of Oa miles from away across Loch Indaal. It is a stone built tower that is supposed to represent a lighthouse. It has a curved or conical top and there are two rows of small inset squares near the top, presumably as a representation of lights. There are several stone steps that lead to the brass inscription plaque mounted at the base of the tower, on the side away from the cliffs. There is no door or way into the tower. The plaque is almost the height and shape of a door. The plaque is over 2m tall and above the plaque is a bronze American eagle clutching a wreath in both talons. The wreath partly overlaps the main memorial inscription. Two thirds of the way up the tower, above the plaque, is a round flat blonde stone with 1918 inscribed upon it. The tower is situated close to high cliffs on the Mull of Oa which is on the South East aspect of the island of Islay. There is a well marked path through muddy fields to it from a carpark at Upper Killeyan Farm. It is just over 1 km from the carpark to the monument
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SACRED/ TO THE/ IMMORTAL MEMORY/ OF THOSE/ AMERICAN SOLDIERS AND SAILORS/ WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES/ FOR/ THEIR COUNTRY/ IN THE/ WRECKS OF THE TRANSPORTS/ TUSCANIA AND OTRANTO/ FEBRUARY 5TH 1918 OCTOBER 6TH 1918/ THE MEMORIAL WAS ERECTED BY/ THE AMERICAN NATIONAL RED CROSS/ NEAR THE SPOT WHERE SO MANY OF THE DISASTER/ SLEEP/ IN/ EVERLASTING PEACE/ "ON FAMES'S ETERNAL CAMPING GROUND,/THEIR SILENT TENTS ARE SPREAD,/ WHILE GLORY KEEPS WITH SOLEMN ROUND,/ THE BIVOUAC OF THE DEAD". Lower Plaque: A TRIBUTE/ FROM/ WOODROW WILSON/ PRESIDENT OF/ THE UNITED STATES OF/ AMERICA/ TO THE MEMORY OF HIS/ FELLOW CITIZENS/ WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES/ FOR THEIR COUNTRY/ IN/ NEARBY WATERS/ 1918

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