John MacCartney


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Reference WMO/275877

Address:

St Mary's Church

Church Walk

Ulverston

LA12 7EN

England

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Status: On original site
Type: Freestanding
Location: External
Setting: Within a garden/park/churchyard/enclosure/Marketplace
Description: Addition to Gravestone
Materials:
  • Stone Stone (any)
Lettering: Unknown
Conflicts:
  • American Revolution (1776-1783)
About the memorial: Addition to his wife's gravestone (which has not been seen by the contributor, but it has long been on IWM as an unidentified type- which now makes sense with this web information)- the following text is from the 'More than Nelson' website reference- "John Macartney, 1725-81.Macartney was commissioned lieutenant on 20 January 1756. On 22 September 1759 he was promoted commander and appointed to succeed Commander John Jervis aboard the Porcupine 16 at the newly conquered Quebec. He continued there under the orders of Commodore Lord Alexander Colville over the ensuing winter, and he participated in the operations in the St. Lawrence under that same officer in the following year. Macartney next joined the Racehorse 18 towards the end of 1760, taking many of the crew of the Porcupine with him and going out to Newfoundland with a convoy in March. During 1762 he was cruising in home waters, and he paid the Racehorse off in 1763. In 1766 he was appointed to the sloop Hound 10, going out to Africa in January and later assuming command of the Phoenix 44 in June after the death of Captain Archibald Cleveland. He was posted captain of that vessel on 4 September 1766 and paid her off the same month. In January 1774 Macartney recommissioned the Mercury 20, going out to North America in March where he served at Boston and off Virginia. In August a charge of misconduct levied against him by the oppressive governor of Virginia, Lord Dunmore, resulted in Vice-Admiral Samuel Graves despatching Lieutenant Alexander Graeme of the flagship to arrest Macartney and bring the Mercury back to Boston. His alleged misdemeanour had been to engage in a string of letters with the local mayor in which he had expressed his pain and reluctance at having to threaten the use of coercive force against any rebellious subjects. In the view of Dunmore, Captain Macartney was to have principally at heart the making friends amongst His Majesty s greatest enemies in this country . Macartney was duly placed under arrest on 8 September at a time when the Mercury was recovering her stores and ballast, having been driven aground by a hurricane the week before. His arrest stunned Lord Dunmore who quickly despatched a letter to Graves stating that he had not wished to see Macartney court-martialled, but merely removed from the command of the local squadron. In the event the charges against Macartney were dropped and he returned home. From the beginning of 1776 until January 1779 he commanded the newly-commissioned Ambuscade 32, going out to North America in July of the former year. During the summer of 1777, whilst cruising between George s Bank and Nova Scotia in North American waters he sent many prizes into Halifax. In 1780 Macartney joined the Princess Amelia 80, and he participated in the Channel fleet campaign of June-December. Captain Macartney was killed at the Battle of the Doggersbank on 5 August 1781 whilst commanding the Princess Amelia, which ship suffered casualties on total of nineteen men killed and fifty-six wounded. He married Isabella Steuart of Edinburgh who survived him by a mere fifteen months, dying on 20 November 1782 and being buried at St Mary s Church, Ulverston, Cumbria, where the family had resided. In 1783 their daughter Isabella was awarded a 25 pension in respect of the difficult circumstances in which she had been left following the death of her father. Lord Dunmore and Admiral Graves both appear to have regarded Macartney as a sound and diligent officer, but lacking the nous to deal with the subtleties of commanding a squadron against an artful and rebellious populace." His name is believed to be McArtney, as opposed to MacArtney, on the gravestone. The Battle of Dogger bank was fought between the British and Dutch navies, Britain having declared war on the Dutch as a result of their support for the American revolution.
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[partial text from IWM records- CAPT OF HMS AMELIA KILLED IN THE BATTLE OF DOGGER BANK 05-AUG-1781]. Full text from Maritime memorials website - ..Isabella Macartney, daughter of James Steuart, late of Edinburgh Esqr and widow of the late gallant Capt. MacCartney of the 'Princess Amelia' 80 guns who was killed in the action off the Dogger Bank Aug 5 1781 and whose death she survived but 15 months. She died Nov 20th 1782 and was buried by her own desire on this spot. To perpetuate her memory this monument was erected at the desire of her children 5 by their guardians.'

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