The Dieppe Raid Memorial Garden

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Reference WMO/279090

Address:

Allied Special Forces Memorial Grove

National Memorial Arboretum

Croxall Road

Alrewas

Burton-on-Trent

DE13 7AR

England

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Status: On original site
Type: Freestanding
Location: External
Setting: Within a garden/park/churchyard/enclosure/Marketplace
Description: Garden
Materials:
  • Rock/Rough Stone Rock/Rough Stone
Lettering: Inscribed on a plaque
Conflicts:
  • Second World War (1939-1945)
About the memorial: The Dieppe Raid Memorial. Remembering the Sacrifice of all those who fought at Dieppe 1942 during "Operation Jubilee" in 1942. Operation Jubilee, more commonly referred to as the Dieppe Raid, was an Allied assault on the German-occupied port of Dieppe, France, on 19 August 1942, during the Second World War. The main assault lasted less than six hours until strong German defences and mounting Allied losses forced its commanders to call a retreat. Over 6,050 infantrymen, predominantly Canadian, were supported by The Calgary Regiment of the 1st Canadian Tank Brigade and a strong force of Royal Navy and smaller Royal Air Force landing contingents. It involved 5,000 Canadians, 1,000 British troops, and 50 United States Army Rangers. Objectives included seizing and holding a major port for a short period, both to prove that it was possible and to gather intelligence. Upon retreat, the Allies also wanted to destroy coastal defences, port structures and all strategic buildings. The raid had the added objectives of boosting morale and demonstrating the firm commitment of the United Kingdom to open a western front in Europe. Virtually none of these objectives were met. Allied fire support was grossly inadequate and the raiding force was largely trapped on the beach by obstacles and German fire. Within 10 hours of the first landings the last Allied troops had been killed, evacuated, or left behind to be captured by the Germans. Instead of a demonstration of resolve the bloody fiasco showed the world that the Allies could not hope to invade France for a long time. Some intelligence successes were achieved, including electronic intelligence. 3,623 of the 6,086 men who made it ashore were killed, wounded, or captured. The Royal Air Force failed to lure the Luftwaffe into open battle, and lost 106 aircraft (at least 32 to anti-aircraft fire or accidents), compared to 48 lost by the Luftwaffe. The Royal Navy lost 33 landing craft and one destroyer. The events at Dieppe influenced preparations for the North African (Operation Torch) and Normandy landings on D-Day 6th June 1944.
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Three memorial information plaques and one Diorama plaque are situated around the memorial. The Old Red Sandstone from Consall Hall represents the formidable defences of Dieppe. The Dark Green Pine honours the Commandos who led some successful raids on enemy defences. The heather was added to commemorate the Scottish Canadian Regiments who fought during Operation Jubilee. Outside the garden are four box hedges and two October Glory trees.

Three soldiers were awarded the Victoria Cross for their actions during the Raid. Lt. Col. Merritt of the South Saskatchewan Regiment; John Foote of the Canadian Chaplains Service and Capt Pat Porteus of No. 4 Commando. Commander of Ground Forces - Major General John Hamilton Roberts. Commander of Naval Forces - Captain John Hughes-Hallett RN. Commander of Air Forces - Air Vice Marshall Trafford Leigh Mallory.

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