Churchill Barriers

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Reference WMO/281036


Orkney Mainland to Lamb Holm to Glimps Holm to Burray to South Ronaldsay



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Status: On original site
Type: Other
Location: External
Setting: Roadside
Description: Other
  • Metal Metal (any)
  • Other Other
  • Other Concrete
  • Stone Stone (any)
Lettering: Inscribed on a plaque
  • Second World War (1939-1945)
About the memorial: The Churchill Barriers were constructed in part on Orkney by Italian POW's during WW2. They are roads constructed in block form simply dropped in to the water. They now link a few of the islands of Orkney but were really constructed as a naval defence to block entry routes in to Scapa Flow, the Allied Naval base during WW2. There are four in total and are considered to 'have a commemorative function' in association with the Italian Chapel (WMO/265773) and the Churchill Barrier Memorial (WMO/202617). Construction began in 1940. There are 2 commemorative plaques- an 'original' one and a 2nd one, which was added in 2020. Note that although this was due to be unveiled on 12 May 2020 this was delayed by Covid. Images have been seen from November 2020 confirming that it is now in situ. Note that only Barriers 3 and 4 are listed structures- each with separate listing numbers [This description is from the Local Council]
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The 'original' plaque-THE CHURCHILL BARRIERS/These barriers were constructed by/BALFOUR BEATTY/between 1940 and 1944 with the aid of/Italian Prisoners of War//Built on the instructions of Winston Churchill/the barriers provided protection for the people/and for the fleet The 2020 plaque-NATIONAL TRANSPORT TRUST/CHURCHILL BARRIERS/Constructed 1940-44/Connecting communities today, the four/barriers were originally built to defend/the vital naval base in Scapa Flow/For further information visit/ HERITAGE SITE


A (Scotland)


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